The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States, Under the Department of Labor and was created by congress in 1971. OSHA is responsible for protection of workers including their health, safety at work, and managing heathy environment. In 1971, after the deaths of 1400+ workers and 2.5 million employees with disabilities each year, OSH Act is enforced to provide secure and healthy working environment by the enforcement of laws and standards and by the provision of training, education and support.
OSHA's mission is to avoid and prevent recognized hazards that are causing injuries, diseases and deaths associated with working environment. OSHA also aims to give opportunity to employers, labor union, trade and professional groups, government agencies, medical and educational organizations to work with OSHA to avoid recognized hazards.
"OSHA Protect your employees and your business."
Conducting regular meetings is a basic and strongly encouraged requirement to discuss health and security issues related to work place but is not necessary for small businesses. Employer must also ensure that their employees have expertise to take reasonable care and can handle relevant circumstances. Employers must do workplace inspection for finding possible risks and reduce the risk, informing all the staff and offer safety training according to standard rules, insuring that their employees have expertise to take reasonable care and can handle relevant circumstances, keeping records of workplace injuries and health records. OSHA requires employees to follow guidelines and standards set by OSHA including use of protective equipment, reporting injuries and health issues, taking care of their own health and others according to OSHA criteria, reporting hazardous circumstances.
State level OSHA requirements may differ from federal requirements as they are allowed to create and develop programs in such a way that would suit better than federal requirements. Currently twenty-four states and two territories of United States have their own safety programs but most of the measurements are similar in federal and state level OSHA.
INJURIES AND ACCIDENTS:
In workplaces, most of these injuries include slips, trips and falls, and muscle strains, hit by falling objects, repetitive strain injury, crashes and collisions, cuts and lacerations, Inhaling toxic fumes, Exposure to loud noise, walking into objects, fights at work, being caught In or struck by moving machinery, transportation and vehicle-related accidents, explosions, overexertion and repetitive stress injuries. When there are unsafe working conditions in any working environment than there is a higher chance hazards and the risks. These risks include strategic risk, compliance risk, operational risk, financial risk, and reputational risk.